Excavations in Area A
Area A is primarily a residential zone and is delineated by a series of many streets and lanes. One major east-west orientated street appears to feature centrally within this area and may connect up with the eastern gateway of the Temple enclosure. The main localities of investigation include the group of Houses 1, 2 and 3, House 4, House 5, a bath house and the Small and Large East Churches. Most recently, a probable Nymphaeum has been revealed in the northern sector of the area.
- Houses 1, 2 and 3
- These houses were some of the first structures to be excavated and were found to contain many important documents and artefacts that contribute much to the history of the settlement.
- House 4
- This house is located near to the Temple of Tutu and has similar architectural elements as those of the other houses.
- House 5
- This house, which is part of the central spread of residential structures, is located close to the East Church Complex and industrial zones.
- Bath House
- Only preliminary work has been undertaken here, but this includes impressive and revealing magnetometry survey.
- The East Churches
- The southeast zone of Area A has two early Christian churches which date to the mid-4th century CE.
- This structure is located near to North Tomb 1 and is 200m to the west of the 4th century houses (Houses 1-3). It is a water feature with a colonnaded room set around a basin with conduits.